Common Names: Creosote Bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Jarilla, Larrea Tridentata, Larrea Divaricata, Larreastat, Larrea Mexicana, Zygophyllum Tridentatum. This single clonal colony plant of L. tridentata reaches up to 67 ft (20 m) in diameter, with an average diameter of 45 ft (14 m). arenaria L.D. , King Clone was identified and its age estimated by Frank Vasek, a professor at the University of California, Riverside. Plant Description Origin: Native Similar Species: Larrea divaricata subsp. Its numerous branches are brittle and densely leafy at the tips. Arthritis 2. It can be readily found in the Mojave, Sonaran, and Chihuahuan deserts as well as Death Valley, but its territory includes parts of New Mexico and Texas as well. As a plant known as "creosote bush" and "greasewood", as a medicinal herb known as "chaparral" and as "gobernadora" in Mexico. Flowers about 3 cm wide, yellow, appear over much to the year, but especially in spring. Cancer 4. Also, in the first line - I dislike the listing of "greasewood" as a common name, and the source cited is very poor. Chickenpox 5. SPECIES: Larrea tridentata GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Creosotebush is a native, drought-tolerant, evergreen shrub growing up to 13.2 feet (4 m) tall. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. In terms of negative water potential, creosote bushes can operate fully at -50 bars of water potential and have been found living down to -120 bars, although the practical average floor is around -70 bars, where the plant's need for cellular respiration generally exceeds the level that the water-requiring process of photosynthesis can provide. tridentata (DC.) ", harvnb error: no target: CITEREFUnited_States_Herbarium1890 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWignallBowers1993 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, United States Food and Drug Administration, "The oldest living thing is a quiet survivor", "Health Canada warns consumers not to take products containing chaparral", "King Clone, The World's Oldest Living Thing", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Larrea_tridentata&oldid=962599468, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 June 2020, at 00:40. , It is a flowering plant in the family Zygophyllaceae. tridentata , Larrea mexicana General Description: Evergreen.  The United States Food and Drug Administration has issued warnings about the health hazards of ingesting chaparral or using it as an internal medicine, and discourages its use. While the chaparral plant is not proven to be totally safe and effective, in traditional folk medicine and alternative medicine, it has been used for a host of things, such as: 1. It has waxy green leaves all year long, more if it rains! Notice that most other plants avoid creosote "groves", as the roots of the plant emit repellents. Mature plants, however, can tolerate extreme drought stress. The specific name tridentata refers to its three-toothed leaves. Chaparral Leaf Here are some hard facts about the herb known as Chaparral Leaf (Larrea tridentata): Also known as the "creosote bush," Larrea tridentata is a flowering evergreen shrub native to the deserts of the Southwestern U.S. and northern Mexico. Growth Form: Shrub; plants drought-tolerant; brittle branches. By measuring the diameter of the ring, its total age could be estimated. Measurements of the plant, as well as radiocarbon dating of wood fragments, were used to determine the plant's mean annual growth rate outward from the center of the ring. Accumulation of fallen leaves, as well as other detritus caught from the passing wind, creates an ecological community specific to the creosote bush canopy, including beetles, millipedes, pocket mice, and kangaroo rats. The yellow flowers turn into small gray fruits that attract foraging animals. Symbol Scientific Name; COTR10: Covillea tridentata (DC.) Larrea tridentata is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft 1in). It is Spanish for "governess", due to its ability to secure more water by inhibiting the growth of nearby plants. The term "chaparral" refers to an area where plants adapt to droughts, sun exposure, and fire; however, Larrea tridentata is a xerophyte (or dry land plant) that does not usually grow in the chaparral.2 The chaparrals are a group of closely related wild shrubs found in the desert regions of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico as well as in the arid regions of South America, such as Argentina and Bolivia.10 Chaparral products found in health food stores usually consist of leaflets and twigs. Cell division can occur during these times of water stress, and new cells commonly quickly absorb water after rainfall. The small, lanceolate leaves have an opposite phyllotaxy, young leaves are resinous and coated with natural oils that conserve water. Hardy to USDA Zone 7 Native and very common in the deserts of southeastern California, Arizona, southern Utah, western Texas, and northern Mexico.  Papago Indians prepared it medicinally for stiff limbs, snake bites, and menstrual cramps. Duration: Perennial, Evergreen Growth Habit: Shrub Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert. It is an aborigine of North America. tridentata: 3 toothed. arenaria L.D. , The "King Clone" creosote ring is one of the oldest living organisms on Earth. This normally happens when the plant is 30 to 90 years old. , Larrea tridentata is often referred to as chaparral when used as a herbal remedy and supplement; however, it does not grow in the synonymous plant community chaparral. Can be used as a specimen plant or massed for a screen or hedge.  The shrub is still widely used as an herbal medicine in Mexico. The common name refers to the greasy smell exuded by the plant, most noticeable during wetter periods. Varieites include : Larrea tridentata (DC.) Color: Yellow Common name: Creosote Bush, Greasewood Latin name: Larrea tridentata Family: ZYGOPHYLLACEAE Height: 3-10 feet Description: Creosote bush is an open, vase-shape shrub with solitary, small, numerous flowers on grayish stems/trunks. ABBREVIATION: LARTRI SYNONYMS: Larrea divaricata Cav. Diabetes 7.  In the regions where it grows, its smell is often associated with the "smell of rain".. Larrea tridentata. In Mexican traditional medicine, the leaves and twigs are stepped in boiling water for just a few seconds to make a tea. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Respiratory infections 9. ... Larrea tridentata. In parts of its range, it may cover large areas in practically pure stands, though it usually occurs in association with Ambrosia dumosa (burro bush or bur-sage). The flowers are up to 25 mm (0.98 in) in diameter, with five yellow petals. Galls may form by the activity of the creosote gall midge. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae â Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta â Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta ... Larrea tridentata (DC.) Chaparral is a good Mouthwash. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The whole plant exhibits a characteristic odor of creosote, from which the common name derives.  It is within the Creosote Rings Preserve of the Lucerne Valley and Johnson Valley.. NRCS PLANT CODE: LATR2 COMMON NAMES: creosote bush greasewood TAXONOMY: The scientific name of creosote bush is Larrea tridentata (D.C.) Cov. Geographic subdivisions for Larrea tridentata: SNE, D, (uncommon Teh, SnJV, SCo, SnJt) MAP CONTROLS 1. One interesting characteristic of this plant, which was an important native American herb for centuries, is that it produces a sap that â¦ Creosote bush stands tend to display an evenly spaced distribution of plants. It cures the bad odor of the Mouth. , Larrea tridentata is a prominent species in the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan Deserts of western North America, and its range includes those and other regions in portions of southeastern California, Arizona, southern Nevada, southwestern Utah, New Mexico, and Texas in the United States, and Chihuahua, Sonora, Coahuila, Nuevo LeÃ³n, Zacatecas, Durango and San Luis PotosÃ¬ in Mexico. It is a member of the caltrop family (Zygophyllaceae) [52,98]. Leaf: The leaf is a distinctive bifolate wing, tiny; usually yellow-green becoming darker and aromatic after rainfall. The scientific name of Chapparal is Larrea Tridentata. Name: Creosote bush: Scientific Name: Larrea tridentata: Origin: Larrea tridentata develops in the Sonoran, Mojave and Chihuahuan Deserts. As of Nov 2013, Google recognizes "larrea tridentata" as a synonym for "creosote bush"; creosote bush is the common name supplied by the USDA plants database, and it is what is used in NPS visitor centers. Coville â creosote bush Variety: Larrea tridentata (DC.) Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. As the creosote bush grows older, its oldest branches eventually die and its crown splits into separate crowns. Tuberculosis 14. It is in leaf all year. Weight loss Some early research points to potential support for some (but not all) of these uses, but theâ¦ Gives off a musty odor after rain. Larrea tridentata . Read more about Larrea tridentata; Contact Info. Rounded, multi-stemmed evergreen shrub. Bark gray with darker swollen nodes. Surfaces of younger parts are resinous and sticky; the odoriferous resins give it the common name, creosote bush. The leaves are naturally varnished, to slow evaporation and conserve water. Eventually, the old crown dies and the new one becomes a clonal colony from the previous plant, composed of many separate stem crowns all from the same seed. Common Name: Creosote Bush. , Larrea tridentata is an evergreen shrub growing to 1 to 3 m (3.3 to 9.8 ft) tall, rarely 4 m (13 ft). The Pima drank a decoction of the leaves as an emetic, and applied the boiled leaves as poultices to wounds or sores. (Of course, "attractiveness" of any plant is a matter of personal preference... as is wallpaper.). From this, it can be inferred that all the plants inside a stand are of equal age.  The Coahuilla Indians used the plant for intestinal complaints and tuberculosis. Evergreen shrub, vase-shaped, 3-10 ft (0.9-3 m) tall, slow growing, open in shallow, dry soils, dense when water is more available. Sun and reflected heat. , Cancer Research UK states: "We don't recommend that you take chaparral to treat or prevent any type of cancer. Fruit rounded capsule, 4.5 mm wide, covered with whitish to rusty hairs. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. This rapid uptake causes branches to grow several centimeters at the end of a wet season. When pollinated, petals twist 90 degrees. Plants drop some leaves heading into summer, but if all leaves are lost, the plant will not recover. Snake-bite pain 12. Waxy coating on â¦ Larrea Tridentata is a group of closely related wild shrubs. Skin problems, including acne 10. Other Common Names: Comments: Creosote is extremely long-lived, and some are thought to be as old as 11,000 years! Parts of the plant used: The leaves and twigs. Now, however, it has been shown that the root systems of mature creosote plants are simply so efficient at absorbing water that fallen seeds nearby cannot accumulate enough water to germinate, effectively creating dead zones around every plant.. In Sonora, it is more commonly called hediondilla. Possibly because it is so common in the desert, one Arizona website states that its "attractiveness is a matter of personal preference", suggesting that more than a few desert inhabitants consider it ugly. Five species of evergreen, xerophytic shrubs. Scientific Name: Larrea tridentata Common Name: Creosote Bush Family: Zygophyllaceae, caltrop family Duration: Perennial Size: Up to 12 feet, usually much less.  Originally, it was assumed that the plant produced a water-soluble inhibitor that prevented the growth of other bushes near mature, healthy bushes. The branâ¦ Creosote bush is most common on the well-drained soils of alluvial fans and flats. Sometimes plants appear as if carefully spaced, possibly due to wide spreading roots and allopathy. Owing to the harshness of the germination environment above mature root systems, young creosote bushes are much more susceptible to drought stress than established plants. Hardy to USDA Zone 7 Native and very common in the deserts of southeastern California, Arizona, southern Utah, western Texas, and northern Mexico. Coville var. Larrea tridentata, the creosote bush, is the most common shrub of the three hottest US deserts (Mojave, Sonoran and Chihuahuan).Plants can bloom any time of year, following rainfall, though early spring to early summer is the usual time.
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