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The acts bear the name of Charles Townshend, the British Chancellor of the Exchequer, who proposed them. The Act ended with the start of the American Revolution. Mar 5, 1770. - They taxed the colonists in the United States HOW did it happen? Charles Townshend never saw the result of his acts as he died in September of 1767. . The Townshend Act was passed in the month of July. These taxes were imposed on the colonists in the 13 colonies in America. The Townshend Duties required the colonists to pay taxes on imported items such as lead, paint, paper, glass and tea. The colonists resisted the Act because they didn't trust standing armies, which were viewed as a potential source of usurpation by the government. The Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre was a street fight between a patriot mob and British soldiers. The cause of the Townshend Acts, a series of measures imposed upon the American colonists, was the British desire to raise revenue, punish the colonists and assert the authority of the British Parliament. They also didn't see why an army was even necessary in time of peace. The taxes created by the Stamp Act were paid at the point of sale. The Townshend Act was passed in 1767 to raise money to pay British governors and judges. It maintained this tax to show the colonist that it kept the right to tax them. On the same day, it also passed the New York Restraining Act. While the issue of quartering died down slightly as revolutionary focus shifted towards the Townshend Acts and the boycott of British goods being organized in protest, it came back onto the scene in 1774 with the passage of the Intolerable Acts, a series of laws meant to punish the colonies for the Boston Tea Party. In order to make up for the difference and to continue to finance their troops in the Colonies, Charles Townshend, the British Treasurer, promised he would tax the colonists. When were most of the Townshend Acts repealed? Because the colonists were not represented in Parliament, they thought the passage of the acts was unfair. Charles Townshend (1725-1767), the second son of the Charles, 3rd Viscount Townshend, and his wife Ethelreda Harrison, is best known for the American Revenue Act of 1767 that bears his name as the "Townshend duties." . Which tax of the Townshend Acts was not repealed in 1770? Name: _____ page 23 Teacher’s Last Name: _____ Class: _____ Date: _____ What protest in response to the Townshend Acts killed several people because British soldiers panicked? The taxes created by the Townshend Acts were a little different from those created by the Stamp Act. Because none of the colonies had representation in the British Parliament the colonies believed the taxes were unfair. Tea Act. WHO was involved? Townshend Acts. WHEN did it take place? Although he did not in the least doubt the right of Parliament to tax the Colonies internally, and that he knew no difference between internal and external taxes . Townshend duties collected in 1768 amounted to £13,200, a significant 35% of taxes collected in that year (not considering revenue from the Navigation Act ) but the following year it fell sharply to £5,561 due to the boycott of British goods . Parliament responded by passing a series of colonial tax laws now known as the Revenue Acts, made up of the Sugar Act 1764, the Currency Act of 1764, the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Acts of 1767, and the Tea Act of 1773. The Townshend Acts are named after Charles Townshend who was the Chancellor of the Exchequer for Great Britain in 1767. The purpose of the Townshend Acts was to raise revenues among the colonies and use them to pay the salaries of judges and governors to enable them to have colonial rule independence. Townshend Acts, 1767, originated by Charles Townshend and passed by the English Parliament shortly after the repeal of the Stamp Act. Interesting Facts about the Townshend Acts. It is important to know the dates of the Acts that were signed in American History. In his last official act before his death, he obtained passage (June–July 1767) of the four resolutions that became known as the Townshend Acts, which threatened American colonial traditions of self-government and imposed revenue duties on a number of items necessary to the colonies. British troops in the city of Boston were unwelcome and 50 citizens started to a British sentinel by throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks. The Quartering Act of 1774. After the Stamp Act was passed, The Sons of Liberty was formed and the Stamp Act got repealed in early 1766. Neither […] They just wanted to pay taxes only to the local government where they were represented. The Townshend Acts were four laws, passed by the British Parliament in 1767, that angered colonists in North America . - The Townshend Acts were British tricks to cut the British land tax and to tax the colonist. Their actions forced King George to repeal the Stamp Act. On July 2, 1767, Parliament passed the Townshend Act imposing the tax. The Townshend Act ~~~~~ June 1767 in England Repealed: March 1770 ~~~~~ In June 1767 the English Parliament decided to cut British land taxes. 1 October: British troops arrive in Boston … This act suspended the New York Assembly until it complied with the Quartering Acts, which had been passed in 1764. Colonial assemblies condemn taxation without representation. The Townshend Acts of 1767: A Bad Idea Made Worse 'Having the best intentions' is usually a phrase we apply after something goes wrong. It’s 1767 and the Townshend Acts have been enacted by King George III and Parliament. Fund Raising. One of these measures, the Townshend Acts, not only contributed to the American Revolution but precipitated the boston massacre as well. 1770, except for the tax on tea, which continued with the Tea Act of 1773. In 1767 Parliament decided to reduce the property tax in England. The colonists especially were infuriated and boycotted British goods. Although portions of the Townshend Acts were repealed, the tax on tea and special indemnity awarded to the British East India Company was retained. Townshend Acts. 29 June: Townshend Revenue Act (Townshend Duties) Duties on tea, glass, lead, paper and paint to help pay for the administration of the colonies, named after Charles Townshend, the Chancellor of the Exchequer. All of these measures were passed in a series of acts that came to be known as the "Townshend Acts," since they were championed by Lord Townshend. Townshend Acts Intolerable Acts 2 See answers Javed111 Javed111 Because of stampt act that take money from them in all the work as they buy it to do all work Kira9 Kira9 A) Stamp Act closed Boston harbour. The Townshend Revenue Act (7 George III c. 46) On May 16, 1767, the London agent of Connecticut wrote home; he explained the reasoning of the new Chancellor of the Exchequer, Charles Townshend. Also repealed on that day were the requirements of the Quartering act of 1765. Most of the taxes were repealed in 1770 except for the tax on tea which continued with the Tea Act of 1773. They are: the New York Restraining Act, the Revenue Act of 1767, the Commissioners of Customs Act, the Indemnity Act of 1767 and the Vice-Admiralty Court Act. The revnue used from these duties would be used to pay for the colonial governers and judges. The Americans were not against taxes. Townshend Acts: The Revolutionary War in America was the result of a series of acts levied against the colonists by the English Parliament. - The Townshend Acts started in June of 1767. The Quartering Act of 1765 required the colonial legislatures to provide food, supplies and housing to British troops stationed in America after the French and Indian War. This tax would be an external tax, as opposed to the internal tax of the Stamp Act. The Townshend Acts (or the Townshend Act) refers to a set of taxes passed by Parliament in 1767 after the Stamp Act caused rebellion and riots on both sides of the Atlantic. The Townshend Acts involved five laws namely the Revenue Act of 1767, the Indemnity Act, the New York Restraining Act, the Commissioners of Customs Act, and the Vice Admiralty Court Act. Did Charles Townshend ever know the results of his acts he created? In 1770, due to increasing pressure and protest from the colonist, the British repealed all of the Townshend Acts except for the tax on imported tea. Educated at Lincoln's Inn; Clare College, Cambridge; and at Leiden University, he was first elected to Parliament in 1747 at age twenty-two. The table below shows revenue collected from the 1764 Sugar Act, 1765 Stamp Act and the 1767 Townshend Acts. 1768. With the Townshend Act, new duties were placed on imports of glass, lead, paper, tea to the Colonies from Great Britain. - The British treasurer Charles Townshend and the British King WHAT happened? The Townshend Duties of 1767 New Taxes on Lead, Paint, Paper, Glass and Tea Enrage the Colonists O ne year after the repeal of the Stamp Act, King George III and Parliament attempted to tax the colonists again when they passed the Townshend Duties. Directly … The Boston Massacre. They were designed to collect revenue from the colonists in America by putting customs duties on imports of glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. Like the Stamp Act and the Intolerable Acts , the Townshend Acts helped lead to the American Revolution . That info can be obtained from so many places, including Encyclopedia Britannica and Wikipedia that I won't try to cite a specific source. John Dickinson publishes Letter from a Philadelphian Farmer in protest. WHERE did it take place? Four of the Acts were passed between June 15 and July 2, 1767 and the last in June 1768. The general purpose of the acts was to establish a revenue flow from the colonies to Great Britain (Revenue Act) and to tighten Britain’s control over colonial governments (Commissioners of Customs Act and Vice Admiralty Court Act). Like the Stamp Act in 1765, the Townshend Acts led many colonists to work together against what they perceived to be an unconstitutional measure, generating the second major crisis in British Colonial America. Thus, the Stamp Act … The 1773 Tea Act enabled the company to import tea directly into the Colonies, which furthered harmed Colonial shipping companies. The Townshend Acts were named after Charles Townshend, the British Chancellor of the Exchequer (Treasurer), and the taxes were imposed on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea. The ring leaders of the boycott were Samuel Adams and John Dickinson. The Townshend Acts were a series of measures, passed by the British Parliament in 1767, that taxed goods imported to the American … One of the Townshend acts suspended the New York Assembly until they should comply with the requirements of the quartering act. Unlike the Stamp Act, the Townshend Acts created a tax on goods the …

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